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太阳能利用使用的三项基本内容
来源:http://www.sdlntyn.com 发布时间:2016-10-13 11:51:58 浏览次数:659
1太阳的基本结构
1 the basic structure of the sun
主要由氢和氦组成,太阳能是一个炽热气体构成的球体。其中氢占 80% 氦占 19%
Mainly composed of hydrogen and helium, solar energy is a hot gas composition of the sphere. Which accounted for 80% of hydrogen helium accounted for 19%
2 太阳常数
2 solar constant
地球大气层以上垂直于太阳光线的平面上,太阳常数是指在太阳地球间平均距离外。单位面积,单位时间内的太阳辐射能的数值,该数值是个常数,一般取 1367 瓦 / 米 2 4920 千焦 / 米 2 时)
Above the earth's atmosphere, which is perpendicular to the plane of the sun's rays, the solar constant is the average distance between the sun and the earth. Unit area, the solar radiation energy per unit of time value, the value is a constant, generally take 1367 watts / M 24 million 920 thousand Jiao / M 2
太阳光到达地面的辐射强度大大降低。 由于通过地球外大气层吸收反射。
The intensity of radiation from the sun to the ground is greatly reduced. Because of the absorption of the reflection through the earth's atmosphere.
3 太阳辐射能和到达地球的太阳能
3 solar radiation and solar energy reaching the earth
相当于每秒钟燃烧 1.28 亿吨标准煤所放出的能量。 整个太阳每秒钟释放出来的能量是无比巨大的高达 3.826 1033 尔格或 37.3 106 兆焦。
Equivalent to burning 1.28 tons of standard coal per second released by the energy. The solar energy released per second is as high as 3.8261033 or 37 trillion and 310 billion 600 million huge focal erg.
大约为 17 万亿千瓦,太阳辐射到达地球陆地表面的能量。仅占到达地球大气外层外表总辐射量的 10% 即使这样,也相当目前全世界一年内能源总消耗量的 3.5 万倍。
About 17 trillion kilowatts, the solar radiation reaches the earth's land surface energy. Accounted for only 10% of the total radiation from the outer surface of the earth's atmosphere, even so, it is equivalent to 35 thousand times the total energy consumption of the whole world at present.
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