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太阳能资源到底该怎么样利用?
来源:http://www.sdlntyn.com 发布时间:2018-12-6 11:01:00 浏览次数:199
我们日常日子和工作中,常常听人们谈论太阳能。但究竟什么是太阳能?它又有什么具体的应用呢?
We often hear people talk about solar energy in our daily life and work. But what is solar energy? What specific applications does it have?
太阳能(Solar Energy),一般是指太阳光的辐射能量,太阳能是一种可再生能源,广义上的太阳能是地球不同品牌的太阳能热水器上许多能量的来源,如风能,生物质能,潮汐能、水的势能等等。太阳能运用的根本方法可分为光—热运用、光—电运用、光—化学运用、光—生物运用四类。
Solar Energy generally refers to the radiant energy of sunlight. Solar energy is a renewable energy. Generally speaking, solar energy is the source of many energy on different brands of solar water heaters on the earth, such as wind energy, biomass energy, tidal energy, water potential energy and so on. The basic methods of solar energy utilization can be divided into four categories: light-heat utilization, light-electricity utilization, light-chemistry utilization and light-biology utilization.
光热运用:它是将太阳辐射能搜集起来,经过与物质的相互作用转化成热能加以运用。现在运用更多的太阳能搜集装置,主要有平板型集热器、真空管集热器和聚焦集热器等3种。太阳能发电:未来太阳能的大规模运用是用来发电。运用太阳能发电的方法主要有两种:
Photothermal application: It collects solar radiation energy and converts it into thermal energy through interaction with matter. At present, the most widely used solar energy collection devices are flat plate collector, vacuum tube collector and focus collector. Solar power generation: In the future, large-scale use of solar energy will be used to generate electricity. There are two main ways of using solar energy to generate electricity:
①光—热—电转化。即运用太阳辐射所产生的热能发电。一般是用太阳能集热器将所吸收的热能转化为工质的蒸汽,然后由蒸汽驱动气轮机带动发电机发电。前一进程为光—热转化,后一进程为热—电转化。

Photo-thermal-electrical conversion. That is to say, the thermal energy generated by solar radiation is used to generate electricity. Generally, the absorbed heat energy is converted into working substance steam by solar collector, and then driven by steam turbine to generate electricity. The former is photothermal conversion, and the latter is thermoelectric conversion.

②光—电转化。其根本原理是运用光生伏特效应将太阳辐射能直接转化为电能,它的根本装置是太阳能电池。
(2) Optical-electrical conversion. Its basic principle is to use photovoltaic effect to convert solar radiation energy directly into electrical energy. Its basic device is solar cells.
光化运用:这是一种运用太阳辐射能直接分解水制氢的光—化学转化方法。
Photochemical application: This is a photochemical conversion method which uses solar radiation energy to decompose water directly to produce hydrogen.
光生物运用:经过植物的光合作用来实现将太阳能转化成为生物质的进程。主要有速生植物(如薪炭林)、油料作物和巨型海藻。
Photobiology: The process of transforming solar energy into biomass through plant photosynthesis. There are mainly fast-growing plants (such as fuel forests), oil crops and giant algae.
在上面介绍的太阳能运用方法中,光—热转化的技能更成熟,产品也更多,成本相对较低。当时在我国应用规模更广、技能更成熟、经济性更好的是太阳能热水器,这种热水器已走进我国的千家万户。
Among the solar energy application methods introduced above, the technology of light-heat conversion is the most mature, the products are the most, and the cost is relatively low. At that time, the solar water heater was the most widely used, mature and economical water heater in our country, which has entered thousands of households in our country.
以上信息是我们济南力诺瑞特太阳能整理发布如果你想了解更多请点击我们的网站:http://www.sdlntyn.com
The above information is our solar energy finishing and publishing of Jinan Renorette. If you want to know more, please click on our website: http://www.sdlntyn.com!