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太阳能热水器的未来发展之路
来源:http://www.sdlntyn.com 发布时间:2015-10-30 16:33:19 浏览次数:661

我们知道,太阳能热水早就以向采暖、空调系统扩展;向工业、农业应用扩展,工农业的应用领域极为宽广,亟待开发,许多企业可以从中找到切入点。以低温应用为基础,向中温扩展。在工业领域有广阔的市场空间。在2015年年底,燃煤锅炉都会停止使用,所以,现在的太阳能以高温利用目前以科技开发、研发为主。这块是太阳能主要的光热为主。

As we know, solar water heating, air-conditioning system to extend to the industrial, agricultural applications, the application of industrial agriculture is very broad, it is urgent to develop, many companies can find a starting point. Based on low temperature application, extend to medium temperature. In the industrial field has a broad market space. At the end of 2015, the coal boiler will stop using, so, now the solar energy to high temperature utilization of technology development, research and development. This is the main solar thermal energy.

对天太阳能光电一体化,就太阳能热发电而言,太阳能热利用行业的职责是研发出高效集热器,其核心技术是材料和涂层,我国目前与国际差距还是太大。我国“十二五”科技攻关目标是太阳能集热器温度400摄氏度,与国外可达500-550摄氏度差距还较大,应集中力量以科技攻关为主解决科技问题,而不是以建示范工程和产业化为主。目前,涂层、玻璃材料和工艺等问题还未需进一步解决。

Solar energy photovoltaic integration, on the solar thermal power, the industry's responsibility is to develop a high efficiency collector, its core technology is the material and coating, China's current and the international gap is too large. China's "Twelfth Five Year" scientific and technological objectives is the solar collector temperature 400 degrees Celsius, and foreign countries can reach 500-550 degrees Celsius gap is still large, should focus on scientific and technological research to solve scientific and technological problems, rather than to build a demonstration projects and industrialization. At present, coating, glass material and technology are not needed to be solved.

因为太阳能的特殊性,太阳能与辅助能源互补,才实现太阳能热利用的工程化、商品化。这是太阳能商品化必由之路,是产品由“扶贫型”向“小康型”商品转化的必由之路。光热、光电和风能都是可再生能源,虽然清洁、量大但都不稳定。光电、风能之所以能快速商品化,得到国家的重视,就是因为有了互补的国家电网,以国家电网为载体,他就是一个稳定的商品化能源。太阳能热利用也必须以户用供热系统、小区和区域供热制冷系统为载体,使其成为稳定的商品化替代能源。所以光热也需要载体——辅助能源,而非太阳能光热单一能源,不论是户用还是小区工程,这是实现太阳能热利用商品化的必由之路。

Because of the special nature of solar energy, solar energy and auxiliary energy complement each other, to realize the project of solar energy heat utilization, commercialization. This is the only way for the commercialization of solar energy, and it is the only way for the product to be transformed from the "Pro poor" to "off". Solar thermal, photovoltaic and wind energy are renewable energy, although clean, the amount of large but not stable. Photovoltaic, wind energy is the reason for the rapid commercialization, the country's attention, is because there is a complementary national grid, to the national grid as the carrier, he is a stable commercial energy. Solar thermal utilization must also be used to heat supply system, residential district and district heating refrigeration system as the carrier, so that it becomes a stable commodity alternative energy. Therefore, light and heat also need support - - solar energy, is the only way to achieve solar thermal utilization.

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